Algeria flag 10 x 15 cm
Algeria, officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country located in North Africa. It is the largest country of the Mediterranean sea, second largest in the Arab World, and the second largest on the African continent and the eleventh-largest country in the world in terms of land area. It is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, a few kilometers of the Western Sahara in the west, Morocco in the northwest, and the Mediterranean Sea in the north. Its size is almost 2,400,000 km² with an estimated population near to 34,000,000. The capital is Algiers.
Algeria is a member of the Arab League, United Nations, African Union and OPEC. It also contributed towards the creation of the Arab Maghreb Union.
The national flag of Algeria consists of two equal vertical bars, green and white, charged in the center with a red star and crescent. The white color represents peace; the green, the beauty of nature; the red, the blood of those killed fighting for independence in the Algerian War (1954 to 1962) and the star and crescent represent Islam.
The flag was adopted on July 3, 1962. A similar version was used by the Algerian government in exile from 1958 to 1962.
The flag's design is inspired from the standard of Emir Abdel Kadir in the 19th century which consisted of two equal vertical bands, green and white, as well as being inspired from the flag of the Algerian Regency from the 16th to the 19th century, which consisted of a white crescent and star on a red background (the same as the modern flag of Turkey; the Algerian Regency was an autonomous member state of the Ottoman Empire). However, for the most part its history is unclear. It is also believed to be based on a flag created in 1928 by Messali Hadj, a nationalist leader. White, green and red, along with the star and crescent have been used historically in Islamic countries.
Algerian ships fly the national flag as their ensign, except for ships of the Algerian National Navy, which use the national flag charged with two red crossed anchors in the canton as the naval ensign.
The Western blazon is per pale Vert and Argent; a crescent and star Gules.
Unlike many African flags, the features of the flag are set down precisely, being described as:
a green and white rectangle embossed by a red star and a red crescent ... the green must be a composition of equal yellow and blue having [with] a wavelength of 5.411 and the position 600 on the normal spectre. The red must be pure, of primary indecomposable colour, and exempt of blue and yellow having, [with] a wavelength of 6.562 and the position 285 on the normal spectre.