Saxony flag 10 x 15 cm
The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen) is a federal state of Germany. Located in the southeastern part of present-day Germany. It is the tenth-largest German state in area (18,413 km²) and the sixth largest in population (4.3 million), of Germany's sixteen states.
Long in the heart of German-speaking Europe, Saxony became one of the new easternmost German regions after the border-changes of 1945, which were under communist rule to 1989. The legacy of the state under the communist German Democratic Republic still largely defines present-day Saxony.
Usage Notes: During the early Middle Ages the term Saxony referred to the region occupied by today's states of Lower Saxony and northern North Rhine-Westphalia. See History below. The term Saxon does not always correlate with Saxony; a Saxon is not necessarily an inhabitant of Saxony (e.g. Saxon people, Anglo-Saxons or Transylvanian Saxons).