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Last modified: 2015-01-23 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: hungary | pest | budapest |
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image by Zoltan Horvath, 2 March 2001
Municipalities (187 settlements, including 47 towns and 1 city):
City (not part of the county):
Other municipalities in FOTW:
The flag is bicolour with Coat of Arma and above the Coat of
Arms is the name in gold letters: PEST MEGYE. The colours are:
blue and yellow (gold). In a third is the Coat of
Arms. There are a horizontal and a vertical version.
Two picture of desk flags are in the official site of the county: <www.pestmegye.hu>.
István Molnár, 19 October 2000
Concering Zoltan Horvath image above - the blue is
darker as in the Coat of Arms.
István Molnár, 2 March 2001
image by Istvan Molnar, 27 August 2001
Flying flag at the Conquest Statue, Opusztaszer NHP. Ratio:
3:1. The width of the Coat of Arms is the 1/3 of the width of the
flag. The Coat of Arms is on the 1/3 of the flag's height. The
inscription is gold.
Istvan Molnar, 27 August 2001
image from <www.pestmegye.hu>, located by Istvan Molnar, 13 July 2000
Pest megye (megye=county) is located on the heart of the
contry around Budapest capital. Neighbouring counties are:
Komárom-Esztergom megye, Fejér megye, Bács-Kiskun megye,
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye, Heves megye, Nógrád megye,
Nitriansky kraj (Slovak Rep.) and Budapest capital. The territory
is 6.394 km2. The county (without Budapest Capital) has got
950,000 inhabitants, nearly all of them Hungarian. In the county
there are: 27 towns, 36 "large villages" and 121
villages. Ten of the Official EthnicMinorities of Hungary has got
ethnic councils in the county. They are: Bulgarian (in 3
settlements), Gipsy (in 45 settlements), Greek (in 1 settlement),
Croatian (in 3 settlements), Polish (in 1 settlement), German (in
32 settlements), Armenian (in 2 settlements), Ruthenian (in 1
settlement), Serbian (in 9 settlement) and Slovakian (in 12
The territory of the county is inhabited from the Stone Age were later explored by archeologist. The territory has rich collections of the objects made by Scythians, Celts, Romans, Sarmatians, Huns, Lombards and other German tribes.
During the reign of King Saint Stephen were formed two counties of Pest and Pilis, later unifieed and destined to become the political, cultural and economical centre of the country. After the Mongol invasion of 1241, Visegrád, later Buda was became the capital of Hungary. The local government of the county was established in the late 13th c., and it has more or less continuous ever since, apart form certain gaps explained by the vicissitudes of Hungarian history. After 1541 the whole county was occupied by the Turks. 74 out of its 214 prosperoues communities became totally depopulated. The territory was liberated in 1686. The Pest-Pilis County was united with Solt County (part of Fejér County in the left bank of the Danube). In the 18th century Pest County found itself again, with economy and the number of inhabitants on the increase. It was during this period when ancestors of the minorities living here made the county their home. Free Royal City of Pest, Free Royal City of Buda, Town of Óbuda and the Margaret Island were unified in 1872 under the name of Budapest - with Town of Óbuda and Margaret Island "torn from their parent, Pest County. In 1876 Pest-Pilis-Solt County was united with the territories of Kiskunság (Little Cumania) and the new county have got the name: Pest-Pilis-Solt és Kiskun Törvényesen Egyesült Vármegye (Pest-Pilis-Solt and Kiskun Legally United County).
The Coat of Arms the Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County (1876-1950) can be seen at <www.fortunecity.com>.
After theWWII (1946) the borders of the county was changed drastically. In 1950 the territory of the county had been diveded into two parts. The southern part (Dunavecse district, Kalocsa district, Kiskőrös district, Kiskunfélegyháza district, Kunszentmiklós district, Lajosmizse, Ladánybene and Újbarcs villages, Town of Kalocsa, Town of Kiskunfélegyháza, Town of Kiskunhalasand the City of Kecskemét) united with Bács-Bodrog County (now Bács-Kiskun County). The northern part got new name: Pest County. Seven towns (Budafok, Csepel, Kispest, Pesterzsébet, Pestlőrinc, Rákospalota, Újpest) and 16 villages were united to Budapest.
Istvan Molnar, 13 July 2000
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