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Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Last modified: 2011-07-01 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | guadalajara | jalisco | coat of arms | blue | gold | lion | tree | perla |
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Flag of Guadalajara 4:7
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001
based on these photos: 01, 02, 03, 04 and 05.

See: See also:

About Guadalajara

Guadalajara is a city located West of Mexico in the Atemajac valley, between the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Pacific coast, and the Chapala lowlands.

Guadalajara is the capital city of both the the same-named municipality and the State of Jalisco. It is an important cultural and administrative center founded in 1532 by Spaniard Nuño de Guzmán. Its main industries are fur, chemical, textile,automotive, among others.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.

Guadalajara was definitively founded (meaning that settled in the place it currently occupies), in 1542. Guadalajara was first placed in the region of Nochistlán (1532), Tonalá valley (1533), then Tlacotán, a former Indian village (1535), to be definitively settled in the Valley of Atemajac in the bank of the Santiago River on February 14, 1542.

To improve the juridical situation of Guadalajara, King Charles V granted the town the status of city and a coat of arms. This was on November 8, 1539. The decree was officially proclaimed on August 10, 1542, that is, six months after the city was definitively placed in the Valley of Atemajac.

Finally, Guadalajara was not the capital of the Kingdom of Nueva Galicia but until March 10, 1560, by official cédula (decree).

Reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, April 05, 2005.


Flag of Guadalajara 4:7
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001
based on these photos: 01, 02, 03, 04 and 05.

The first news of the existence of a flag in the state of Jalisco came to me through a young Mexican vexilologist who gave me the colours and said me that the flag could be seen in Guadalajara quite often. Nevertheless, I believe, that contradictory news were mixed, on the one hand the existence of a flag project with blue and yellow colours and on the other hand the exhibition of a flag with these colours as local flag of the city of Guadalajara, that apparently was based on the supposed colours of the Kingdom of Nueva Galicia.

Jaume Ollé, Flag Report 13, May 9, 2001.

In my last trip to Guadalajara I found that the city has a flag for its own as already reported by Mr. Jaume Ollé in Flag Report 13. Unfortunatelly I could nof find any legal statement about it. The flag is divided horizontaly into three stripes: blue, yellow (gold), blue. The yellow stripe fills 50% of the flag. The coat of arms in the center. The are variants (specially "desk of table flags" and pennants showing equal-sized stripes).

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, December 08, 2004.

La forma son tres bandas horizontales, en color azul marino la superior e inferior y en oro la central; en la siguiente disposición: superior 3/10, central o media 4/10 e inferior 3/10, todas con respecto a la horizontal base. Al centro de la bandera total queda, sobre la banda color oro el Escudo de Armas, otorgado por Carlos I de España y V de Alemania a la Ciudad de Guadalajara y Reino de Nueva Galicia el 8 de noviembre de 1539, de cuya heráldica se toman los colores y el escudo mismo.

From: Escritores de Jalisco (website desappeared).


Pennant of Guadalajara, Jalisco, México, as hoisted in the Municipal headquarters.
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, December 8, 2004
based on this photo: 03,

Coat of arms of Guadalajara

Coat of arms of Guadalajara
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, October 06, 2001.

This coat of arms was granted to the city of Guadalajara by royal decree of H.M. King Carlos V in 1542, the year the city was founded. Truly unprecedented, as it was not in the policy of the Crown to give coats of arms to cities in the New World, it was done probably because rather than being a conquered city, it was one that was founded anew by and for Spaniards. We can see in the centre, a tree with two lions climing it, resembling those of Madrid. Yet, rather than a single bear climbing up a tree, we see two lions. This is no surprise, as the New World was colonised out of Andalucía. And just like the Andalusian dialect was the one taken to the New World, so it was shown in the influence of this Coat of Arms, as Andalucía's has two lions, those were put in place of the bear. Thus, we can see the influence of both Castilla and Andalucía in Guadalajara.

Jesús Aceves, 14 Nov 1998.


  • Muriá, José María; Breve Historia de Jalisco; SEP and Universidad de Guadalajara (UdeG); Guadalajara, Jal. 1988.
  • Poder Legislativo - Estado de Jalisco; Iniciativa de Ley de la Bandera del Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalico, Oct. 26, 2004.
  • Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco; Decreto Número 13661. Que declara como representativos y oficiales del Estado de Jalisco, el Escudo de Armas de la ciudad de Guadalajara y los colores azul y oro. Periódico Oficial El Estado de Jalisco del 7 de noviembre de 1989.
  • Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco - Escudo del Estado.
  • Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco - Heráldica Oficial - Guadalajara.

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