Biafra was a secessionist state in south-eastern Nigeria that existed from 30 May 1967 to 15 January 1970 which took its name from the Bight of Biafra in the Atlantic Ocean to its south.   Its inhabitants were mostly the Igbo people who led the secession due to economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria.  The creation of the new state that was pushing for recognition was among the causes of the Nigerian Civil War.