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Last modified: 2014-05-22 by zoltán horváth
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image by Ivan Sache, 06 November 2011
The ""Benemérita Cuerpo de Bomberos" is the Firefighters' Corps in charge of
the protection of Managua against blazes (and, probably, other natural
disasters). More than 50% of the inhabitants of Nicaragua live in the Managua
The earthquake that destroyed on 31 March 1931 most of the town of Managua stressed the lack of a professional Firefighters' Corps, whose establishment would be delayed for the next five years. On 18 April 1936, the blaze subsequently known as "el incendio de las boticas" (The shops' blaze) destroyed several pharmacies and drugstores located near the St. Michael Market. Dr. Joaquín Vijil Lejarza, a famous lawyer trained in Chile, witnessed the blaze and obtained from the President of the Republic, Juan Bautista Sacasa, the promise to create a Firefighters' Corps. Scheduled for 22 April, the founding meeting was postponed due to the coup led by General Anastasio Somoza García that caused the exile of the President.
The new President, Carlos Brenes Jarquín, commissioned the State Minister Dr. Jerónimo Ramírez Brown to found the Firefighters' Corps, with the help of Commandant Juan Antonio Guizado, Head of the Panamá Firefighter's Corps. Ramírez Brown, Guizado and José Frixione, President of the Executive Council of the National District (the administrative name of Managua at the time), met on 13 September 1936 in Managua, officially signing on 15 September 1936 the Act of Foundation of the Managua Firefighter's Corps.
On 23 July 1946, a Decree of the Executive awarded to the Managua Firefighters' Corps the title of "Benemérita de la Patria", therefore its current name of "Benemérita Cuerpo de Bomberos".
Source: History of the Managua Firefighters' Corps
The flag of the Managua Firefighters' Corps, as seen on a photo taken in September 2007 during the celebration of the 71st anniversary of the Corps, seems to be white with the emblem of the Corps in the middle. The flag has a golden fringe.
The emblem of the Firefighter's Corps is flower-shaped, with, in the middle, a white disk charged with firefighters' tools (ladder, helmet, pipes...), surrounded by a yellow ring, outlined in red bearing the name of the Corps, "BENEMERITO CUERPO DE BOMBEROS / MANAGUA", the tow parts of the writing separated by two stars. The emblem is completed by white "petals", outlined in red, bearing the Latin motto of the Firefighters' Corps, "DISCIPLINA / HONOR / ABNEGACION" and "NICARAGUA".
Ivan Sache, 06 November 2011
Direccion General del Sistema Penitenciario Nacional is
probably some kind of security governmental agency. It has a flag as seen at <www.migob.gob.ni>.
Coat of Arms at <www.migob.gob.ni/webdgspn>.
Valentin Poposki, 28 August 2006
A literal translation is "main directorate of the
national penitentiary system", so I think it is the kind of
agency which handles prisons.
Dirk Schönberger, 28 August 2006
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