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Zeeland Province (The Netherlands)

Zeeland Provincie (Nederland)

Last modified: 2014-06-28 by andrew weeks
Keywords: zeeland |
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[Provincial flag of Zeeland] image by Mark Sensen, 4 May 1999

See also:

Zeeland Province

A rather technical discussion on the Zeeland flag (mainly on the Coat of Arms) can be found on
<http://www.zeeland.nl/paginas/bestuurorganisatie/bestuur/divextra/luctoretemergoc.html>

Sierksma's 'Nederlands vlaggenboek', 1962, has this: 'Zeeland's flag was adopted 14 January 1949. It deviates from the Dutch vexillological practice of not placing coats of arms on flags, but even historically this is justified. Old flagbooks and -charts show very often a red-white-blue Zeeland flag (with equally wide stripes, or with a wider white stripe, f.i. zna99, p. 19 and <nl-ze17x.gif>) within the white stripe the complete coat of arms of Zeeland, often with below it two crossed laurel branches. Quite often the shield without crown and laurel branches can be found. Only two flag-sources, from 1667 (the Neapolitan manuscript) and a manuscript originating from Zeeland in the second half of the 18th century, deleted the coat of arms. In those days Zeeland used the RWB flag; only in one case orange - white - blue. In the designing of the new flag it was considered that red-white-blue was not very specific for Zeeland, so one looked into a different direction. A design of a member of the Zeeland 'Gedeputeerde Staten', jhr. mr. T. A. J. W. Schorer was finally chosen. Note that the motto on the coat of arms ('luctor et emergo' - I wrestle and emerge - a motto, which was adopted after Zeeland fought itself free from Spain with the help of the English, 1585), while the number of stripes is one more than on the coat of arms. This was done at the insistence of mr. Schorer on esthetical grounds: it is better visible with a dark stripe on top and at the bottom! The flag gained immediate popularity in Zeeland and became nationally known after the flood-catastrophe of February 1951.
Jarig Bakker 13 Mar 2000


Zeeland Coat of Arms

Zeeland Coat of ArmsInternational Civic Arms : http://www.ngw.nl/

"Per fess wavy; I or, a demi lion, issuing from the dividing line gules, armed and langued azure; II barry wavy of six azure ans argent. The shield is crested by a coronet of four pearls between five leaves or. Supporters: two lions rampant gules, armed and langued azure. On a white ribbon the motto LUCTOR ET EMERGO in black lettering."

The arms of the province of Zeeland (or (Old) Zealand) are the lion of Holland struggling on a sea. The counts of Holland and the Vlaanderen (Flanders) jointly governed the group of islands between their homelands. The counts of Holland tried in the 12-13th century to get their stronghold in the area. They finally succeeded in 1299. They, however, did not adapt arms as Counts of Zeeland. The arms were developed in the 15-16th centuries.
 


1938 Parade flag

Parade flag zeeland image by Jarig Bakker, 26 Jan 2001

In 1938 Queen Wilhelmina had reigned the Netherlands for 40 years. On that occasion a lot of municipalities paraded in front of HM with their flags, which consisted of the provincial flag with the municipal Coat of Arms in the canton (or something...). Those municipal flags can only be considered as 'curiosities', while the status of the provincial flags is not quite clear.
Jarig Bakker, 26 Jan 2001


Flag from a 1739 Flagchart

[Historical flag of Zeeland] image by Mark Sensen, 30 Mar 1998

Red over white over blue. On the white stripe, a shield surmounted by a crown and encircled by a garland of leaves - the shield extends into the other stripes slightly. On the shield, a red demi-lion on a yellow background, rising out of a blue base.
(Source: Dutch atlas made by Delisle in 1739)
James Dignan, 14 Nov 1996


Zeeland admiralty flag

[Zeeland admiralty flag] image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 23 Mar 2009

Admiralty of Zeeland
It is a green flag with the coat of arms of Zeeland in the centre, topped by a coronet. The coat of arms is superimposing two golden anchors crossed by saltire.
According to source the flag was used during the years of insurrection against the Spanish rule.
Furthermore according to source all the five coastal provinces had their own admiralty flags with a coat of arms upon crossed anchors.
Source: Cigarette album: “Die Welt in Bildern, Bd.8; Historische Fahnen”; p.32; image no.112
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 23 Mar 2009


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