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Angra do Heroísmo Municipality (Portugal)

Last modified: 2014-06-29 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: angra do heroísmo | coat of arms (castle: red) | goshawk | waves: 3 | quina | castle (red) | terra chã | coat of arms: tree | tree: orange | orange | cross: christ knights’ | star: 8 points (blue) |
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Angra do Heroísmo municipality
image by Jorge Candeias, 12 Jul 1999
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About the flag

The flag is a red over yellow gyronny with coat of arms in the center. The coat of arms has a 5-towered mural crown, a silver shield charged in chef with a yellow hawk holding a quina in it’s claws, three wavy stripes of green-silver-green below and in the center a red castle with white door and windows, the collar of the Order of Tower and Sword and a white scroll reading "CIDADE DE ANGRA DO HEROÍSMO" in black letters.
Jorge Candeias, 31 May 1998

The meaning of the various charges of the coat of arms is probably: the hawk and quina stand for the Azores (these charges appear in nearly all the azorean municipal coats of arms), the green waves stand for the sea, since this town is a sea harbor (like all the other azorean heads of municipality), and the castle must represent the city’s fortifications and history, since this city was the beginning of the liberal revolution in the XIX century that after a civil war conquered the power from the supporters of D. Miguel, an absolutist king, and that caused the adoption of the blue-white flag in Portugal.
Jorge Candeias, 31 May 1998

Version without the coat of arms

Angra do Heroísmo plain flag
image by António Martins, 2010

Gyronny of red and yellow.
Jorge Candeias, 12 Jul 1999

Presentation of Angra do Heroísmo

Angra do Heroísmo (that could be translated as "bay of heroes"), is an azorean city, capital of the island Terceira. It used to be the head of the district of Angra do Heroísmo, before the Azores became an Autonomous Region and the azorean districts where supressed. The municipality has 237,5 km² and over 35 500 inhabitants in 19 communes. It’s economy is varied, with tourism, services, agriculture and food industries as the main activities.
Jorge Candeias, 31 May 1998

Commune flags

Terra Chã Commune

Terra Chã commune
image by Sérgio Horta, 24 Oct 2008

It is a fairly typical portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centered on a plain blue background. The banner should have silvery and blue tassels and cord, and golden pole with spear finial. Flag and arms adopted and published in the official journal Diário da República : III Série in 1996.09.04.
António Martins, 24 Oct 2008

Arms detail

Terra Chã communal arms
image by Sérgio Horta, 09 Jun 2008

The arms are Argent an orange tree erradicated Vert fruited Proper and in chief a Christ Knights’ Order cross between an eight-pointed estoile Azure at dexter and a fleur-de-lis Azute at sinister. Mural crown argent with four visible towers (town rank) and white scroll reading in black upper case letters "Terra Chã". Original blazon:

Escudo de prata, uma laranjeira arrancada de verde, frutada de sua cor; em chefe, cruz da Ordem de Cristo, de vermelho aberta de prata, acompanhada à dextra de uma estrela de oito raios e à sinistra de uma flor-de-lis, ambas de azul. Coroa mural de prata de três torres. Listel branco com a legenda em maiúsculas de negro: "TERRA CHÃ".
António Martins, 24 Oct 2008

Version without the coat of arms

Plain (monocolored) portuguese subnational flags are not allowed to have armless variations: plain flags always carry the coat of arms.
Jorge Candeias, 18 Jul 1999

Presentation of Terra Chã

See also:

Terra Chã Commune is one of the nineteen communes of Angra do Heroísmo Municipality (q.v.); it had 2783 inhabitants in 2001 and covers 10,48 km².
António Martins, 24 Oct 2008

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