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Anti-Soviet Russian units in WWII (within the German forces)

Last modified: 2009-09-12 by antónio martins
Keywords: nazi | poa | roa | poha | rona | saltire (blue) | collaborationist | shoulder patch | coat of arms: bordure |
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ROA: Russian Liberation Army

Russian Navy St. Andrew flag
image by Yosef Obskura and Željko Heimer, 06 Apr 1999

Russian Liberation Army (Русская Освободительная Армия, whose cyrillic initials are of course РОА). This was Lt. General Andrei Andreievich Vlasov’s army (rather an amalgamation of many units) which reached about 750 000 men at its strongest point.
Santiago Dotor, 09 Jun 2000

The flag of ROA was simply the Andrew’s flag without red border. (Fotos of this flag with nazi-flag side-by-side at Committee of liberation of peoples of Russia in Prague in 1944 known to historicians.)
Victor Lomantsov, 01 Oct 2001

According to Andrey Jahwlanski, Sergey Drobiazko and George Mamulia in Flag Report 17 [frp], ROA used the white flag with blue St. Andrew’s cross (without red border) and some units used the tricolor.
Jaume Ollé, 14 Jul 2001

Insignia / shoulder patch

ROA insignia
image by António Martins, 28 May 2007

The ROA “coat of arms” was Argent, bordered Gules a saltire Azure. That shield as a sleeve badge were placed on bigger one, which was olive-green, with (yellow) letters "РОА" (it is ROA) in chief of that darker shield.
Aleš Krížan, 19 Jun 2001

The ROA arm badge (really a patch) depicted a blue saltire on a white, shield-shaped background, with a red border around the entire shield. The red-bordered shield was itself located on a black background underneath the gold Cyrillic initials "РОА". But the flag of ROA was simply the Andrew’s flag without red border.
Victor Lomantsov, 01 Oct 2001

Patch-on-tricolor flag

reported ROA banner
image by António Martins, 28 May 2007

According to Andrey Jahwlanski, Sergey Drobiazko and George Mamulia in Flag Report 17 [frp], the ROA used this emblem on the center of a Russian tricolor and it was used by the Military Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia.
Jaume Ollé, 14 Jul 2001

Inexistent patch-based flag?

putative ROA banner
image by António Martins, 28 May 2007

David Littlejohn [ltj87] says that «The flag of the ROA was a blue saltire on white with a narrow red edging», thus identical to the unit’s arm badge.
Santiago Dotor, 09 Jun 2000

Incorrect flag design

wrong ROA banner
image by António Martins, 22 May 2001

The ROA arm badge (really a patch) depicted a blue saltire on a white, shield-shaped background, with a red border around the entire shield, not around the saltire itself.
Victor Lomantsov, 01 Oct 2001

This design, a Russian St. Andrew’s flag with red fimbriation along the cross, was based in a misunderstating of the original written description from [ltj87]. It was hosted in this site long enough to become dangerously widespread. So, a word of caution: This flag design never existed!
António Martins, 28 May 2007


RONA: Russian Liberation Peoples’ Army

RONA (or РОНА in cyrillic characters) stood for "Russian Liberation Peoples’ Army" (Русская Освободительная Народная Армия), a grandiloquent title for the infamous 15,000-strong anti-partisan unit led by Bronislav Kaminski (who was shot by the SS under charges of looting). David Littlejohn in Foreign Legions of the Third Reich [ltj87] speaks of no flag for the RONA, but describes and illustrates its arm badge as a fully-black Cross of Saint George (a Czarist order, a cross formy whose arms join in a small central disc crossed by two swords, as can be seen here — though this is the 4th Class which lacked the crossed swords).
Santiago Dotor, 09 Jun 2000


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