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Last modified: 2013-09-09 by bruce berry
Keywords: jubaland | somalia |
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image by Cai Zhenyuan, 11 Apr 2013
On the 28 February 2013, more than 500 delegates convened in Kismayo, Lower Juba
region to attend the opening of a conference which would discuss and plan the
proposed formation of Jubaland, also known as Jubaland (Somali: Jubbaland), the
Juba Valley (Somali: Dooxada Jubba) or Azania (Somali: Azaaniya). This is
an autonomous region in southern Somalia. Its eastern
border lies 40–60 km east of the Jubba River and stretches from Gedo to the
Indian Ocean, while its western side flanks the North Eastern Province of
Cai Zhenyuan, 11 Apr 2013
by Ahmed Sh. Abdi Dahir, 04 Mar 2008
The following was submitted to www.flagid.org - website that provides for the registration of flags.
Vertical Tricolor Flag: Green; Red; Green. I kindly request you to include this flag of the newly established Provincial Regional Autonomy of Somalia (State under Federal Republic of Somalia). Authorities from the three Regions of Southern Somalia, namely the Gedo Region, Lower Jubba Region, and the Middle Jubba Region are working towards the unification of these Regions to make one unified Provincial Regional Authority. The Authority has already been named Jubaland and there is a competition to choose a flag.
I submit the following design for a flag of Jubaland - a vertical tricolour of green, red and green.
Ahmed Sh. Abdi Dahir, 04 Mar 2008
I am not familiar with situation in Somalia, so I checked Somali pages on Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jubaland) which shows a vertical red and green bicolour with white star. I am not sure what is the status of the flag.
Ivan Sarajcic, 04 Mar 2008
image by Ivan Sarajcic, 06 Mar 2008
Among the flags of short-living separatist entities in Somalia should be
added that of Jubaland. This is territory in the south of
Juba (Giubbe) river, with area about 80 000 km2 and more than one million
inhabitants. The capital is Chisimaio. Jubaland was a part of
British East Africa until 1925 when it was ceded to Italy as a compensation for
its help in World War I and subsequently Jubaland became a part of Italian
Somalia. In 1998, one of the Somali warlords, Mohamed Said Hersi Morgan, gained
control over Jubaland and proclaimed an independent republic This was not
recognized by anybody. The flag chosen to represent the independent state was
divided vertically into red and green with a white five-pointed star, in the
same pattern as on the Somali national flag, in center. In 1999, the Juba Valley
Alliance, led by Ahmed Warsame, overthrew Morgan and in the 2001 the Jubaland
republic ceased to exist following a treaty with the Somali provisional
Jakub Grombíø, 06 Mar 2008
The region has been the site of numerous battles in the ongoing Somali Civil
War and was briefly declared independent in 1998-1999. As of early 2008, the
region is under nominal control of the Somali Transitional Federal Government.
Garry M Borgacci, 05 May 2008
[It cannot be confirmed whether this flag ever existed - Ed].
image by Cai Zhenyuan, 13 Mar 2011
Jubbaland (1) (Jubaland) was established on December 19, 2010 in Minnesota,
USA. Its goal is to govern Bay, Bakool, Lower Jubba, Gedo and Middle Jubba
regions. Mohamed Rashid Haji Ali is the president of
Jubbaland (2) (Jubaland) was established in January 2012 is considered a rival regional to the state of Azania. Jubbaland desires to rule Lower Jubba, Gedo and Middle Jubba. Mohamed Farah Du'aaleh is the president, but is not as well known as Mohamed Abdi Gandhi, the leader of Azania, who has links with Ethiopia and Kenya. Jubbaland has no direct contact with these countries who support pro-government militias including the ASWJ and Ras Kamboni fighting against al-Shabaab in lower Jubba and Middle Jubba. Unlike Azania, Jubbaland has the support of the local people in the regions who are reportedly suspicious of Azania's links with Kenya.
Cai Zhenyuan, 16 July 2013
According to Wikipedia, those factions loyal to Siad Barre, especially amongst his own Marehan
clan, formed the Somali National Front (SNF) after he was deposed from power,
were based primarily in this region, where they withdrew
following the end of the civil war. Around Kismayo there was
fighting between the fleeing Darood sub-clans from Mogadishu for the
control of the city, the northern Harti clans led by Mohamed Hersi
Morgan and his SPM militia, and the Marehan clans led by Ahmed
Warsame and his SNF militia. SPM-Harti withdrew from the city the
following the loss of the war. The state of Jubaland was established
on 03 September 1998 using flag divided vertically blue and dark green with a
white five pointed star on the blue stripe. This government survived less than a year
before being driven out by the several factions of the Somali National
Front, forming a new united regime over all of Jubaland known as the Juba
Valley Alliance (JVA) on 11 June 1999. The JVA chose to join the
Transitional National Government (TNG) in 18 June 2001, but in January
2006 they changed their minds and formed their own autonomous state of
Jubaland. This state lasted less than a year as the Union of Islamic
Courts brought over to their side numerous factions of the JVA and
took over Kismayo without firing a shot on 24 September 2006.
Cai Zhenyuan, 13 Mar 2011
image by Cai Zhenyuan, 13 Mar 2011
In 2010, residents of Somalia's Juba region established a new secular
regional administration. This Jubaland Initiative was created to bring
about local stability, in the model of the autonomous Puntland and
Somaliland regions in the northern part of the country.
reportedly interested in helping develop the new regional
administration so as to establish a buffer zone between it and the
Islamist insurgency in southern Somalia. However, neighboring Ethiopia
is reportedly unhappy about the Jubaland Initiative and Kenya's
involvement in it, as it fears that the project will have an effect on
its own military struggle against rebels in the Somali-inhabited
Ogaden region, who seek independence.
Cai Zhenyuan, 13 Mar 2011
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