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Transcaucasia in the Soviet Union

Last modified: 2013-12-08 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: transcaucasia | caucasus | zsfsr | fsssrz | zssrfs | star with hammer and sickle | bank note | ufe |
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Presentation of Transcaucasian SFSR

It was established in March 12 1922 as Federal Union of Socialist Soviet Republics of Transcaucasus, ФСССРЗ (FSSSRZ); reorganised in December 13 1922 to ЗСФСР (ZSFSR), Transcaucasian Socialistic Federal Soviet Republic (Закавказсая Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика).
Gvido Petersons, 26 Mar 1999

After the three republics (Armenia, Azerbaidjan, and Georgia) had been conquered by the Red Army, a Transcaucasian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic was formed in 1922, becoming a Union Republic of the USSR in the same year. In 1936 this republic was abolished and Armenia, Azerbaidjan, and Georgia were established as Union Republics.
Jarig Bakker, 26 Mar 1999,
quoting Everyman’s Concise Encyclopaedia of Russia, S. V. Utechin, 1961


Earlier flags

Flag of ZKSFSR
image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 20 Sep 2009

ФСССРЗ - Федеративный Союз Социалистических Советских Республик Закавказья (FSSSRZ - Federative Union of Socialist Soviet Republics of Transcaucasus) was created by the Conference of the Representatives of the Central Committees of the Communist Parties of the Azerbaijani, Armenian and Georgian Soviet Socialist Republics, which took place on March 12, 1922 in Tbilisi.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 20 Sep 2009

Flag of ZKSFSR
image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 20 Sep 2009

The name was changed to ZSFSR - Закавказская Социалистическая Федеративная Советская Республика (Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic) on December 13, 1922 by the meeting of Soviets (parliaments) of the relevant republics, which took place in Baku.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 20 Sep 2009


Flag of the 1930’s

Flag of ZKSFSR in 1930’s
image by Mark Sensen, 13 May 1996

Red with red star fimbriated yellow, one point pointing to upper hoist. In the star yellow hammer and sickle. Beneath the star yellow cyrillic initials (ZSFSR) in sanserif, curved.
Mark Sensen, 13 May 1996

Flag with large star

In a 1923 banknote I’ve found what seems to be a red flag with a five pointed star belonging to the Federation of Socialist Soviet Republics of Transcaucasia, flown on top of a bulding (perhaps the Soviet) in Erevan (?).
M. V. Blanes, 11 Feb 2000


Coat of arms

Coat of arms of ZKSFSR Coat of arms of ZKSFSR Coat of arms of ZKSFSR Coat of arms of ZKSFSR
1922 - 19241924 (?)1924 (?) - 19301930 - 1936

I am presenting, to those interested, a set of historic emblems from the excellent website of Christian Siemers (sadly gone from the net by now). The last emblem reflects the change from Arabic (or Persian) to Latin script in the Azeri language.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 20 Sep 2009


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