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image by Ivan Sarajcic, 13 June 2007
The State of Falcon in Venezuela adopt a new flag. The full
story (in Spanish) and a photo
are at <driza.blogspot.com>.
Valentin Poposki, 9 August 2006
Falcón and Miranda, recently adopted
new flags. Both have in common to be derivates from designs
Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda: illustrious Venezuelan Hero and Precursory of Latin American independence whose memory has received tribute two hundred years after his liberating expedition in which, by the way, was affirmed the Prioritized Flag of Venezuela (horizontal tricolor yellow, blue and red) in the leader ship "Leander" on March 12th, 1806, in Jacmel Bay, Haiti, already on the eve of taking coursec to Venezuelan coasts at which he arrived following August 3rd.
This commemoration has given rise to symbollogical changes signed by the "rapidity" with which it has taken place, leaving in doubt its legitimacy and therefore its transcendence.
All began on last March 9th with the official publication of the new Law where one eighth star was added to National flag and modified substantially the Coat of Arms of the Republic, which it's also described like "Bolivarian".
Past August 3rd Falcón State saw flame its new Flag raised by its Governor: it consist in an adaptation of the Flagship that, according it's says, Miranda hoisted on the masts of his ensign ship: a blue cloth where appeared a rising sun on the lateral superior canton (attached to the mast) and a full moon on the fly inferior canton, both appearing "figured"; this is, with human characteristics complementing itself with a pennant with the war voice "DIE FOR TYRANNY AND LONG LIFE FOR FREEDOM". New Falconian Flag incorporates the pennant as a superior stripe whereas the sun and the moon appear streamlined without greater characterization. The news that refers the change, <www.rnv.gov.ve>, also indicates: ""This flag is adapted to new times and has an historical support that gives it greater property sense to Falconians" assured regional Governor, Jesus Montilla, before raising the new flag under the watch of different authorities and communities presents on Falconian capital " and more ahead continues " president of Legislative Assembly of Falcón State, Eligio Rosendo, assured that the new flag is a settled debt with Miranda and Falconians, being the generalissimo's liberty and unitary ideal propitious at this time of revolution adapted with reality of the Homeland (end of mention)".
However, until the moment of the emission of this report it' s had not data referring to the new meaning that would have to tie directly the new flag with the region that represents and therefore the only thing that would be possible to add about the matter is the historical reference: the blue cloth, possibly allusive to the sky and the sea, shows a rising sun which symbolizes the American freedom rising on the horizon whereas the full moon alludes to that the power of Spain begins to decline. The red pennant and its war voice indicate clearly the intentions of the expedition's commander.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 22 August 2006
The Flag - Attributes and Semiology: The Falconian flag
consists in a filed with approximate ratio 2:3; this is, square
and half of length, divided on two unequal and horizontal
stripes: the superior one, red, approximately equivalent to fifth
part of the wide of the cloth, charges the inscription
MUERA LA TIRANIA Y VIVA LA LIBERTAD (Something like
Die for tyranny and long life for freedom) in white
gothic capital letters and the inferior one, blue, occupies the
rest of the field and charges a yellow raising sun with nine rays
on the superior canton of the hoist (attached to the mast) and a
white full moon on inferior canton of the fly. Reminiscence of
the Captains Flag o0f Ensign Ship Leander
during Liberating Expedition commanded by Generalissimo FRANCISCO
DE MIRANDA on 1806, it didnt have meaning directly relative
to the State which represents until the moment of this update.
However, the historical meaning which has been attributed to it
is the follows: The sun is the American freedom raise from
the horizon whilst the moon is the power of Spain which begin to
decline. Blue probably alludes to the sea and sky whilst
the red pennant (today stripe) and inscription speaks about
- Historical Synthesis: It was hoisted on August 4th, 2006 on the city of Coro by Governor Jesús Montilla with regards to the celebration of Bicentennial of the Liberating Expedition of Francisco de Miranda
Sources: Web Site Government of Falcon State, Web Site Radio Nacional de Venezuela (National Radio of Venezuela).
There is also new coat of arms. The Anthem is the same.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 15 February 2007
See also: Venezuela - Historical Flags
image by Jaume Ollé'
I located Falcon State flag at <www.funflc.org.ve>
. Coat of Arms at the same page. The
inscription is Dios y Federacion.
Jarig Bakker and Pascal Gross, 20 September 1999
In the coat of arms of Falcón state it says "Dios y
Federación" (God and Federation), which is also the
official slogan of the Venezuelan Republic. The Federal
revolution begun in Coro, capital of Falco'n, in 1859, and the
state owe its name to Marshall Juan Criso'stomo Falco'n, the
victorious federal leader, first President of the former United
States of Venezuela.
Pablo Acosta Ri'os, 21 July 2000
The Flag - Attributes and Semiology: Falco'n is one of the
northwestern and coaster state of Venezuela and its flag consists
of three horizontal stripes with the same size: the green one
symbolizes faith, hope, friendship, service and respect; the
yellow one represents magnanimity, nobility, riches, power,
light, perseverance and wisdom; the blue one symbolizes justice,
truth, loyalty, charity and beauty. The red color of the pennant
symbolizes strength, victory, audacity, highness and artifice.
The inscription DIOS Y FEDERACION (God and Federation) it is the
motto of the liberal band on the Venezuelan War of the
Federation, which exploded on February 20th, 1859 in the city of
Coro, capital of the State. The stars, which represent the union
of the twenty-five municipalities that conform the state, are
image of the happiness and they symbolize greatness, truth,
light, majesty, peace and prudence. Their white color represents
purity, integrity, obedience, firmness, vigilance, eloquence and
victory. The bird belongs to the group of natural figures that
the Heraldry admits and generally is symbol of the active and the
contemplative life also that they represent nimbleness, readiness
and dexterity; but its characteristic meaning is the freedom. In
this case it is a hawk and is a directly mention of Latin name of
the State: Falcon
Historical Synthesis: Miss Marielys Isaura Oduber Camacho conceived the Falconian flag design. She was the winner of a concourse that was being convoked for the effects and that had an examining jury compound by remarkable historians of the Falcon State. It was hoisted for the first time on June 17th, 1997.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 24 November 2000
image contributed by Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 15 February 2007
Coat of Arms - Attributes: The Falconian Coat of Arms outlined
in Or (yellow) is tierced per fess. The Quarter of the Chief
enameled in Gules (red) shows two golden thrones: the dexter one
with a staff of command and the sinister one with a bishops
staff. The Central Quarter enameled in Sky-blue (variation of the
Heraldic Azure or blue), presents a sea in Vert (green) with a
sun raising from a series of dunes to the sinister and to the
dexter a brig on which waves a flag divided in fess of Or
(yellow), Azure (blue) and Gules (red). The Quarter of the Base
enameled in Or (yellow) presents a mountainous pick on Sable
(black) crowned by an rising eagle in Argent whose beack holds a
pennant in Or charging the words DIOS Y FEDERACION
(God and Federation) in Sable (black) and whose claws
subject a naked sword in Argent garnished of gold and dressed
with another pennant in Or which presents the ephemeris 2O
DE FEBRERO DE 1859 (February 20th, 1859) in
Sable (black). As External Ornaments appear the denomination
ESTADO FALCON (Falcon State) as War
Voice; a constellation of twenty five five-pointed stars in
Or disposed in two arcs as crest and as supports a nopal tree
branch at the dexter and a coffe branch at the sinister jointed
under the base by means of a pennant striped in Or (yellow),
Azure (blue) and Gules (red) where appears as mottoes the
following ephemeris: 5 DE JULIO DE 1811 (July
5th, 1811), under the base; 24 DE MARZO DE 1864
(March 24th, 1864), at the dexter and 18 DE
AGOSTO DE 1863 (August 18th, 1863) at the sinister:
inscriptions realized in capital gothic letters of Sable (black).
- Semiology: The First Quarter reminds that was in the city of Coro, capital of the State, where had seat on national territory the first Spanish colonial government and the first Bishopric of Venezuela. The Second Quarter represents the arrival of Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda one of the most illustrious heroes of Venezuela- to Falconian coasts on August 3rd, 1806: day when the sun of the American Freedom greeting for first time from the Venezuelan ground the glorious Iris of the Homeland. The Third Quarter symbolizes the Eagle of the Freedom that walks on triumph the flashing sword of the Federal Cause through the refulgent sky of the immortality, leaving from the summit mountain of the Venezuelan Federation, comparing it with the Aventino Mount in Rome where Simón Bolívar swear to gave freedom to his Homeland, whilst rebound its War Cry and date of beginning on Coro. The denomination of the State reinforces its identity and the constellation represents the municipalities that integrate it. The nopal branch represents the aridity of the Falconian plains and the coffee branch remembers the fertility of its opulent mountainous landscape. The ephemeris reminds, respectively, the date of the Signature of the Act of the Independence of Venezuela, as homage of gratitude to the memory of the eminent patricians to who is owed the sacred inheritance of a free and independent Homeland; the date when was dictated the Decree by means of which was abolished forever the slavery in Venezuela and the date when was emitted the Decreto de Garantías (Decree of Guarantees) where is rebounds the high magnanimity of the Venezuelan Federalism.
Sources: Los Símbolos Sagrados de la Nación Venezolana (The Sacred Symbols of the Venezuelan Nation), Francisco Alejandro Vargas, Caracas - 1981, Web Site Government of Falcon State,
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 15 February 2007
image by Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 24 November 2000
The Falconian Coat of Arms is tierced per fess. The first
quarter or chief is enameled in gules (red) and shows two golden
thrones: the dexter one with a staff of command and the sinister
one with a bishop's staff for indicate that the city of Coro,
capital of the State, was where had its seat for the first time
on the national territory so much the Spanish colonial government
as the first Bishopric of Venezuela. The central quarter or fess,
in Sky-blue, presents a marine landscape in which highlights a
silver brig on which waves the National Flag to the dexter and a
nascent sun from a series of "Me'danos" or the
characteristic dunes of the Falconian geography that represents
the arrival of the Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda, one of the
most illustrious heroes of Venezuela - to their costs
on August 3rd, 1806: day when the sun of the American Freedom
greeting from the Venezuelan ground the glorious Iris of the
Homeland. The quarter of the base or inferior, in gold, shows a
mountainous pick on sable (black) crowned by an silver eagle
rising whose beack holds a golden banderole that brings inscribed
the words DIOS Y FEDERACION (God and Federation) in sable (black)
and whose claws subject a naked silver sword garnished of gold
and decked out with another banderole of gold which presents the
ephemeris "20 de Febrero de 1859" (February 20th,
1859), all that which symbolizes the Eagle of the Freedom that
walks on triumph through the refulgent sky of the immortality the
flashing sword of the Federal Cause, leaving from the summit of
the symbolical Mount Aventino of the Venezuelan Federation. As
External Ornaments appear the "war voice" ESTADO FALCON
(Falcon State) like crest and how cimier an eleven stars
constellation which remember as much the gentile one as the
municipalities of this federal entity. To the dexter flank a
nopal tree branch that represents the aridity of the Falconian
plains and the sinister flank a coffee branch that remembers the
fertility of its opulent mountainous landscape, which are
connected under the base of the Coat of Arms by means of a
pennant with the national colors where appears like mottoes the
following ephemeris: to the center 5 de Julio de 1811(July 5th,
1811), date of the Signature of the Act of the Independence of
Venezuela, as homage of gratitude to the memory of the eminent
patricians to who the sacred inheritance of a free and
independent Homeland is owed; to the dexter side, 24 de Marzo de
1864 (March 24th, 1864), date when the Decree by means of which
was abolished forever the slavery in Venezuela was dictated and
to the sinister side 18 de Agosto de 1863 (August 18th, 1863)
date when was emitted the "Decreto de Garanti'as"
(Ordinance of Guarantees) that is the highest summit in which
highlights the magnanimity of the Venezuelan Federalism.
Sources: Los Si'mbolos Sagrados de la Nacio'n Venezolana (The Sacred Symbols of the Venezuelan Nation), Francisco Alejandro Vargas, 1981.
Raul Jesus Orta Pardo, 24 November 2000
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